2022, Vol.25, No., pp. 21 - 40
Problem of control over Klein-tunnelling states from electrostatically-confined graphene p - n junctions has been discussed. The lack of quasi-bound states, being the states with a finite life time, in a pseudo-Dirac-fermion model for the graphene quantum dot (GQD) is theoretically predicted as inapplicability of the so-called "resonance condition" leading to an inconsistent linear system corresponding to matching conditions. Within a pseudo-Dirac-Weyl fermion model GQD, the graphene charge carriers are topologically nontrivial and can be confined by a staircase-type potential due to competition between Zak curvature and centrifugal-force actions. The predicted topological effects elucidate experimentally observed resonances created by electron beam and laser pulse in crystalline arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes as the Klein-tunnelling resonant states in the p - n graphene junctions. We present a robust approach to fabricate stable graphene p - n junctions by fine-tuning the topological effects.
Key words: graphene, quantum dot, pseudo-Dirac fermion, Klein tunneling, quasi-bound state
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